Amino acids – the smallest protein unit with an important role

Protein molecules are composed of different numbers of amino acids and make up the individual building blocks of protein. The sequence of the different amino acids, determines the composition of a specific protein. The blueprint with all the information for the building and composition of the protein is located in the nucleus of the cell in the form of DNA. Every day, humans need to receive eight of the twenty or so different biochemically recognised amino acids from their diet.

If these amino acids are missing from the daily food intake, metabolic disturbances, retarded growth or serious illness will result. These amino acids are consequently described as "essential" amino acids. The group of essential amino acids is made up of the following: leucine, isoleucine, valine, phenylalanine, methionine, tryptophane, threonin, and lysine. The semi-essential amino acids, which can by produced by the body (but not in sufficient quantities when the body is ill or suffering from severe stress) are aginine, histidine, glutamine, serin, cystin, and tyrosin. Finally, the non-essential amino acids are alanine, proline, asparagin, asparaginic acid, glutamic acid and glycin. They are normally found in the body in sufficient quantities, even when the body is malnourished.

Chlorella contains all of the amino acids in a balanced ratio, and its biological value as a first class protein is high. Generally, this also applies to C.G.F. It is true that the algae concentrate is affected by seasonal and technical fluctuations during production, but these do not affect the high quality of the protein. (For more see page 25 )

On the contrary, other protein-rich foodstuffs do not contain all the amino acids or a balanced spectrum of amino acids, as a result of which their biological value can be described as being lower or even in the case of gelatine, as third class.

An additional sign of quality, the meaning of which is often underestimated or simply unknown, is that 1 gram of Chlorella taken daily supplies the body not only 680 milligrams of protein but also approximately 30 milligrams of RNA and 3 milligrams of DNA molecules. I have already explained the decisive role of RNA and DNA building blocks in the building and maintenance of the mental and physical strength of humans.